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I was first introduced to Dave Elman while take a hypnotherapy course "Elman's Teaching Methods: H275" from The American Institute of Hypnotherapy back in 1985. I remember putting at the close of my answers to the correspondence course: "*NOTE: Along with a 36 hour cassette tape seminar by Dave Elman and his book "Hypnotherapy" this has been one of the most helpful courses I have taken." I still use some of the techniques that I learned from that course. He has indeed had a profound impact on clinical hypnotherapy through his live courses during his life time and beyond with his 36 hour cassette tape seminar and his book "Hypnotherapy"

Gil Boyne writes that when Dave Elman was eight years old, Dave saw his father wracked with the pain of terminal cancer. A famous stage hypnotist learned of the situation, and came to visit. In just a few minutes of hypnotic treatment the moaning and groaning was silenced and the pain was relieved. Little Dave was permitted to visit and play with his Dad. Dave Elman never forgot that his father was given relief by a stage hypnotist after the doctors had said there was no way to relieve his suffering.

As a young man, Elman worked briefly as a stage hypnotist, and it was during this period that he developed the rapid induction techniques that made his later teaching demonstrations so extraordinary!

In the ensuing years, Elman became a successful writer, director and producer of network radio programs, and taught these subjects at Columbia University.

He was forty-nine years old when he made the decision to change his profession and become an authority in the teaching of hypnosis. He met with medical specialists, researched the available literature and developed the Dave Elman Course in Clinical Hypnosis.

Although Elman had no advanced degrees and no scientific training, he restricted participation in his training courses to physicians and dentists. His reputation spread quickly and soon made him the best known and most successful teacher of hypnotism in America.

For several years Dave taught his course to thousands of professionals in every major city in the United States. Elman left us only one book and a forty hour set of recordings made in his classes.

(Durbin) I have both the Elman’s book and the set of recordings which was required for a course in my Ph.D. program at the American Institute of Hypnotherapy back 1985. This material has been very helpful to me and I still refer to them from time to time.

2. NOTES FROM HYPNOTHERAPY: DAVE ELMAN, (1983) Westwood Publishing Co. Glendale, CA :

I stressed the words if the subject is willing because consent is imperative. You cannot impart a suggestion unless the subject is willing to take it. At all times and in all degrees of hypnosis, the subject has complete power of selectivity. He therefore reacts only to suggestion that are reasonable and pleasing to him... I repeat that in every stage hypnosis, the subject is in control and can select the suggestions he wishes to accept. If the crisis of an unwanted suggestion should arise, the subject will either arouse himself from the trance state or continue in it but simply refuse to act on the suggestion. (p. x)

Under hypnosis, a person has control of more than his selectivity, or will power; he is in control of all his faculties except one. He can hear, see, feel, smell, taste, speak. Though he may sometimes look unconscious, he is completely aware and can therefore cooperate. The single exception to this control is what I call the critical facility. If you give him a suggestion which pleases him and which seems emotionally and morally reasonable to him, he will accept it despite the fact that under ordinary circumstances he might consider it an impossible suggestion... But his critical faculty - the disbelief that such fantastic feats are possible - is bypassed in hypnosis. (p. x-xi)

The three requisites for hypnosis are: (1) the consent of the subject; (2) communication between the operator and the subject, and (3) freedom from fear, or reluctance on the subject's part to trust the operator. Since these are the only requisites, it is obvious that those authors are wrong who say that any particular technique - fixation, for instance - is the only reliable way to induce trance. Actually, there is no limit to the number of techniques that can be used to trigger the desired response; you might say that there is no way in which you cannot hypnotize a person once you know how to utilize suggestion. (p. xiii)

Hypnosis gives off five signs. These sings are subtle, minute. If you don't know what to look for, the sings could be there without your detecting one of them. When you know hypnosis, however, you can spot all five signs at a glance. Here are the five signs of hypnosis, all of which you must carefully observe: (1) body warmth; (2) fluttering of the eyelids; (3) increased lacrimation; (4) the whites of the eyes getting red or pinkish; (5) the eyeballs going up into the head. (p. 22)

If you were to read a hundred books on hypnosis, trying to find a definition, you would be completely confused because you would find that every author - doctors included - has a definition that disagrees with all the others. This is a situation much like the three blind men who were asked to describe an elephant. Like the blind men, each author describes only what he has touched, and describes it from a different viewpoint... Most of them will agree that hypnosis is a state of high suggestibility...

(Elman's definition of hypnosis): "Hypnosis is a state of mind in which the critical faculty of the human mind is bypassed, and selective thinking established." The critical faculty of your mind is that part which passes judgment. It distinguishes between concepts of hot and cold, sweet and sour, large and small, dark and light. If we can bypass this critical faculty in such a way that you no longer distinguish between hot and cold, sweet and sour, we can substitute selective thinking for conventional judgment making. (p. 26)

Dave Elman's Induction and Deepening Exercise: Now take a long deep breath and hold it for a few seconds. As you exhale the breath, allow your eyes to close and let go of the surface tension in your body. Just let your body relax as much as possible now. Now place your awareness on your eye muscles and relax the muscles around your eyes to the point they just won't work. When you are sure they are relaxed and are aware that as long as you hold on to this relaxation they won't work, then test them to make sure they won't.

If they open when the person tests them, say, "No, you're making sure they will work." Relax them to the point they will not work. It's so simple, so easy, anyone can do it. When you're sure they won't work, test them to make sure they won't work. Now, this relaxation you have in your eyes is the same quality of relaxation that you want throughout your whole body, so just let this quality of relaxation flow through your whole body from the top of your head, right down to the tips of your toes.

Now, we can deepen this relaxation even more. In a moment I'll ask you to open and close your eyes. When you close your eyes, that's your signal to let this feeling of relaxation become 10 times deeper. All you have to do is to want it to happen and you can make it. Ok, now open your eyes and close them again and you will go ten times deeper. Let every muscle in your body relax. Now let the muscles around your eyes relax so much that they just won't work, test them and make sure they won't work.

In a moment, I'm going to lift your hand by the wrist and drop it. Just let your hand and arm be as loose as a wet dishrag. Let me do all the lifting so that when I drop it, it just falls into your lap or the arm of the chair and you go twice as deep.

(If the client helps to lift the hand say) No, no, let me do all the lifting, don't help me. Let it be heavy. Just let it be limp. (drop it and say) Now that we have physical relaxation, we want mental relaxation.

In a moment, I'll ask you to begin slowly counting backwards out loud from 100 with each descending number you will go twice as deep. With each number you will go twice as deep. With each number you will double your mental relaxation. By the time you reach 97, the next number just won't be important enough to verbalize. Now, begin to count backwards out loud, very slowly, and with each number just relax twice as much.

Now say the first number, 100 and double your mental relaxation. Client: 100, hypnotherapist: Now double your mental relaxation, let those numbers begin to fade. Client: 99, Hypnotherapist: Double your mental relaxation, start to make those numbers leave. Client 98, Hypnotherapist: deeper and deeper you go. Client: 97: Hypnotist: snap fingers and says, "The numbers are gone. Vanish them, let it happen, you did it. The numbers are gone." {p 26-28)

Here's a definition of waking suggestion A waking suggestion is a suggestion given in the normal state of consciousness which does not precipitate a waking state of hypnosis. For example, Someone in the room yawns. Somebody sees him yawn, and he yawns too. Another person sees him yawn, and the third person yawns, and pretty soon you have a room full of yawning people. That is waking suggestion. Every one of us has seen this occur. There is no by-pass of the critical faculty. (Durbin example of a waking suggestion: A friend says, "I am going to have surgery tomorrow." You reply, "You will do well, I know your doctor and he has a great reputation. You will recover rapidly, quickly and appropriately.")

Now let me show you the difference between waking suggestion and waking hypnosis: When hypnotic effects are achieved without the use of the trance state, such hypnotic effects are called waking hypnosis. In every case, it involves a bypass of the critical faculty and the implanting of selective thinking. (p. 69) Every effect obtainable with the trance state is obtainable in many people with waking hypnosis. (p. 71)

(Durbin: When the situation is not appropriate for a formal hypnotic induction, I will sometimes use waking hypnosis. While visiting a young woman, she told me that she was very fearful of an upcoming myelogram. A few years before, she had gone through a myelogram which had been very painful. For several days following the myelogram she had a severe headache.

As I had no consult from her doctor, I would not use a formal hypnotic induction. I took the patient's hand and spoke softly. "You know we have found that people who have a second myelogram experience little or no discomfort. You are going to be surprised at how easy this myelogram will be. In fact, you will hardly feel anything but maybe some pressure. You will come out of the experience feeling comfortable and relaxed with no after effects." The next day when I saw her, she told me that she went through the procedure without any difficulties and no headache. She did not give me any credit for the easy with which she went through the myelogram.)


Since the early days hypnosis has been going around the world wearing a cloak of mysticism and a false name. The mysticism quickly disappears when you study the subject, but the name hypnosis, derived from the Greek word meaning sleep, is constantly getting in the way of a proper understanding. Hypnosis is no more like sleep than night is like day. Of course it's related, (night and day are related) but they're as far apart as the sun and the moon.

If you examine hypnosis clinically, you find it doesn't look, act nor feel like you think it should.nnYou meet such an entire stranger that it is best to forget any preconceived notions about it. The sooner you forget your preconceived notions, the sooner you'll learn what it is, how it acts, and how you can use it in your practice.

You probably think that in a few short sessions you will become an expert hypnotist. Frankly. you are hoping for the impossible, because- There is no such thing as a Hypnotist, You are never going to hypnotize anybody. All you can ever do and no one can do more, is to show a person how to go over the hurdle from a normal waking or sleeping state into the peculiar state of mind known as hypnosis. You won't hypnotize him. He'll hypnotize himself.

Those of us who practice the art of suggestion must admit if we are honest, that we have no power. Remember the injunction: "All men are created equal." God never saw fit to give one person power over another. In the practice of hypnosis we have no power. There is nothing I do that you can't do. The only difference is that I possess certain knowledge which when put to use looks magic-Iike in operation. But given that knowledge, any feat I can do, you can do. Knowledge will give you power, but it will never give you' power to hypnotize anybody. Since no one can hypnotize anybody, you can never hope to be a hypnotist.

When we practice hypnosis, we become in reality "hypnotic operators," or '.Dream Pilots." For j1l hypnosis, once you have taught the subject how to achieve the trance state, the subject willing, you become the one who stimulates his imagination in the hypnoidal state. If you're a good dream pilot, you'll give him Hood dreams. It's a pleasant idea to think that you can stimulate the imagination of almost everyone, and cause pleasant thoughts above and beyond those which are usually deemed possible.

Did you notice how I stressed the words, "The subject willing"? That's because you cannot give a suggestion to the subject unless he is willing to take it. At all times and in all degrees of hypnosis the subject has full and complete power of selectivity, and reacts only to those suggestions which are reasonable and pleasing to him.

At this point you are probably saying to yourself, "Impossible! I saw someone hypnotized once and he did the craziest things imaginable. Don't try to tell me that if he was in his right mind, he'd do that. If he wasn't hypnotized he wouldn't have taken such outlandish suggestions." If you accept my theory of "Dream Pilot" you'll quickly agree with me. There have been times in your own life when you've had outlandish dreams. Those crazy things you saw someone do in hypnosis were merely dreams induced by an operator, and you were watching a dream in action.

Outlandish? Yes-but undoubtedly reasonable and pleasing to the subject. or the subject would have refused, the dream. Remember that in hypnosis - in all stages - the subject retains complete selectivity.

Most current books on hypnosis stress the fact that the hypnotized subject is "en rapport" with the operator. They seldom add that the subject is also "en rapport" with himself, for he can Hive himself auto-suggestions, and "en rapport'. with the whole world. Not only the operator, but anyone can give the hypnotized subject a suggestion. and if the subject wants to take it. he will take it. But if he doesn't want the suggestion, he won't take it from anyone. including the operator. Clever operators find many ways to get around these seeming paradoxes, but it is an actual fact that if you take a person who has never known the word "hypnosis" nor has heard anything about the phenomenon and induce hypnosis, he may take suggestions from anybody, unless counter-suggestions are given.

Yet, amenable to suggestion as he is, the subject, in the final analysis, is in complete control. Let me repeat: It always seems to the outsider that the operator is in control. That is a fallacy. In every stage of hypnosis the subject is in control, and it only requires a crisis to prove that point. Let the crisis arrive and the hypnotized subject will either reject the suggestion and continue in the state or he will reject the suggestion by coming out of the trance.

The subject in the trance state has complete possession of all his faculties-he can hear-think for himself-speak -see -feel -and although in many cases, he looks unconscious. he is completely aware and can cooperate. Above and beyond all this, he has, in addition, the ability to give him~ self selective awareness or unawareness at will. He can accept or reject a suggestion as he pleases.

Let's state it another way: In hypnosis, the Body and Mind go into a state in which body and mind are equally suggestible. Remember, hypnosis has an effect not only on the conscious mind. but on the unconscious mind too. It has an effect on the autonomic nervous system. Therefore, when we take a person into the suggestible state and give him good dreams, his sensations upon awaking will be physical as well as h1ental. Physically he will be refreshed and invigorated. He will have had a pleasant experience.

When you see the way people react under suggestion, then you realize that with every individual you are going to get a different reaction, and you should 'be able to respond to those reactions, and know what to do in every case.

That is why your knowledge of the subject should be complete and entire. Never be in a position where you can be taken by surprise at an individual reaction. All reactions are individual and therefore different. Maybe there will be two similar reactions, and if you hypnotize thousands of people, you will begin to categorize reactions. But there will always be people who, in the suggestible state react like no one you ever saw before. No one can learn hypnosis thoroughly by observing it on others.

You must experience it yourself to know how different it is from the things you've heard and read about it. To completely understand it you must do more than see it from the inside looking in You must also experience it from the inside looking out. You will find hypnosis a pleasant state and will probably want to try it. Instead of resisting and fighting it, as your knowledge increases and your fear decreases, and the fallacies about hypnosis are cleared up for you, you will reach the stage where you will not only want it for yourself, but you will be able to hypnotize yourself. There is no one who can't be hypnotized.

There is no such thing as you not being hypnotizable. A hypnotized person will not take a harmful suggestion. Since he can hear, and all his senses are particularly acute in the hypnotic state, the law of self-preservation governs him in it, just as it governs him out of it. That is why in the history of the world, no one has been injured by hypnosis. Writers devote reams to the moot point: Could a crime be done by hypnosis? Estabrook is one of many who says it could be done in various ways.

But it has never been done because that is the long way around to commit a crime. Hypnosis has been in the hands of charlatans, fakes, dubs, amateurs and quack" for a long, long time, but you still have to find the first case on record which will bear investigation, where a person in a suggestible state has hurt himself or others. You may be sure that you can't do lasting damage with hypnosis.

We have conducted thousands of tests and in all cases one of two things happen if an improper suggestion is given: The subject either terminates the trance state, refusing the suggestion that way;

or he remains in the trance state but refuses to carry out the suggestion.

There is little doubt that if a person can be talked into committing a crime without hypnosis that he could be talked into committing a crime with hypnosis. It would simply be the long way around and hypnos.


(The "Magic Spot" is especially good for children, but also good for adults. With an adult, you may adapt the wording to be more appropriate for an adult.): Say to the client, "Would you like to have a MAGIC SPOT on your arm so that you can take an injection without feeling anything but pressure? You are going to be proud and thankful because the MAGIC SPOT is amazingly helpful.

I want you to open your eyes wide, please. I'm going to pull your eyes shut. All you have to do is to pretend that you can't open your eyes and keep on pretending you can't open your eyes so much so that when yo try to open your eyes they just won't open... All you have to do is to pretend that you can't open your eyes and keep on pretending you can't open your eyes-so much so that when you try to open your eyes they just won't open ... Now let me see you try to open them while you're pretending ... That's right ...

Now stay like that and keep on pretending that you can't open your eyes, and the most amazing thing is going to happen. You're going to have a Magic Spot where cold antiseptic is rubbed on your body. Once this Magic Spot is put on you, never again will you have to feel an injection. You'll know that the doctor is working there, but nothing disturbs you, nothing bothers you. You'll never have any discomfort from an injection, either before, during or afterwards ... Now, watch, I take this area and I paint a Magic Spot with alcohol, like that. Now, whenever an injection is given the doctor of nurse will rub the area with an antiseptic which will be cold similar to the cold you are experiencing as I rub your hand with this alcoholic swab. You'll feel the cold application of the antiseptic and you’re the area will be come numb as you feel the cold antiseptic swab .... Now, isn't that nice? ... You feel only pressure where the cold antiseptic swab is rubbed, exactly were to put the injection. Once you have show the person where the MAGIC SPOT is you can just think about something else and feel the cold application of the antiseptic covering your MAGIC SPOT cause that area to be numb so that you feel only pressure.


Under hypnosis, a person is in control of all his faculties except one. He can hear, see, smell, taste, speak. Though he may sometimes look unconscious, he is completely aware and can therefore cooperate. The single exception to this control is what Elman calls the "critical faculty." If you give him a suggestion which seems emotionally and morally reasonable to him, he will accept it despite the fact that under ordinary circumstances he might consider it an impossible suggestion.

Dave Elman gives the following examples of bypassing the critical faculty. You can suggest anesthesia, erasing pain without a chemical agent. You can induce total recall even back to one early an age as say, three years, and even when the subject has ordinarily poor memory. The suspension of the critical faculty does not contradict the statement that the patient is In complete control of himself and has full selectivity; he accepts such a suggestion because it is pleasing, it is good for him. But his critical faculty - the disbelief that such fantastic feats are possible - is bypassed in hypnosis.

Since there are only three requisites for trance, Elman contends that those authors are wrong who say that any particular technique fixation, for instance - is the only reliable way to induce trance. Actually, there is no limit to the number of techniques that can be used to trigger the desired response; you might say that there is no way in which you cannot hypnotize a person once you know how to utilize suggestion.

Many old time practitioners used the fixation method. That is, they had the subject store at either a light or bright object and sought to tire the muscles around the eyes, thus achieving eye-closure. Since eye-closure is the first goal at which you must aim, all you need is a device that will cause it. Any device will cause it, provided you know the art of suggestion and provided the person expects to be hypnotized. Elman states that if the operator substitutes the word "relaxed" for "hypnotized" and every patient who needs therapeutic values of hypnosis can be relaxed instantly.

"hypnosis is a state of mind in which the critical facility of the human is bypassed and selective thinking established." The critical facility of your mind is that part which passes judgment. It distinguishes between the concept of hot and cold, sweet and sour, large and small, dark and light. If we can bypass this critical faculty in such a way that you no longer distinguish between hot and cold, sweet and sour, we can substitute selective thinking for conventional judgment making.

Hypnosis works because the individual by selective thinking bypass the critical. faculty. For example, if you are led to believe that you feel no pain, and you believe it completely, you will have no pain. Let the slightest doubt come in and the selective thinking vanishes: the critical faculty is no longer bypassed. Selective thinking vanishes not only when doubt enters the picture, hut when fear does.

One of the advantages of using hypnosis as an adjunct to chemical anesthesia comes during the pre-surgery talk. By using hypnosis, the hypnotherapist can alleviate fears and give suggestions for a quick recovery.

Another advantage comes with the administration of the chemical anesthesia. By using hypnosis, the amount of anesthesia and during surgery can be considerably reduced. A technique used by Dr. Munro and the Mayo brothers goes like this, "We're going to start anesthesia in just a minute, and to make this procedure very easy for you, I want you to do just as I tell you. Open your eyes wide. I'm going to pull them shut, like this. Now pretend you can't open your eyes. That's all you have to do. Pretend you can't open your eyes. We're going to start the anesthesia, and in a little while you'll wake up in your room upstairs. The operation will be over and you'll be on the road to recovery. Just keep on pretending you can't open your eyes and we'll go ahead and start the anesthesia," With that statement, the critical faculty was bypassed and selective thinking was Implanted. The amount of chemical anesthesia can be reduced. With the reduction of chemical anesthesia, tile risk of harm to the patient is reduced.

Stuttering: Remember that every stutter has a beginning. Take the stutter back to the traumatic situation that caused the stutter, and let him relieve it in an abreaction or by seeing the same thing happen to another person on an imaginary television screen. In many instances, patients gain insight about the true cause of the first stutter and are helped permanently. If you don't get back to the cause of the stutter you only give the patient temporary help. If the cause remains within him, the stutter will. return.

Stuttering may be caused by repression. A person lives trough a situation with which he cannot cope. He is not prepared for it by experience or training. The memory of the incident is horrifying. He represses all though in putting it below the level of consciousness, so that eventually it truly a part of the unconscious material of his mind.

This does not mean he is not affected by it. On the contrary, this very repression of traumatic experiences will most certainly continue to do damage at the conscious level. In many cases, we are able to bring repression from below the level of conscious level. We then make sure the repression is not allowed to return into the unconscious again. Thus when we get to the roots of the stutter, we can usually help the subject to overcome the problem on a permanent basis. Always remember this: The severity of the traumatic event accounts for the severity of the stutter; find the cause, treat it, and the effect will automatically be alleviated.

Weight loss: Compulsive eaters aren't necessarily gluttons. They are often people who are searching for security. This search takes them back to the time oral satisfaction represented complete security - when mother fed and took care of them. They eat, and continue to eat, because eating gives them the sense of security which allays a fear lurking below the level of the conscious awareness.

With every patient, the fear has a different cause, but it is really the same kind of fear. In effect, all such fears are similar. However, this does not mean that the same diet or medication or treatment will work with every patient, nor does it mean that hypnosis should be used simply to give every patient - hunger allaying suggestion. A hypnotic diet, without the removal of causative fear may provide only temporary help. Excessive overweight is often caused by strong emotions conflicts, which can be resolved - like those associated with stuttering - by an approach utilizing hypnoanalysis.



(1) The pin point method. To pin point is to find the starting point of a neurosis. Every neurotic condition had to start somewhere. This starting point has often been referred to as the "Pin Point." With the Pin Point Technique you are definitely trying to locate the set of circumstances which acted as the precipitating factor of the neurosis. The basis for the technique is that there is no effect without a cause. Causes have a beginning. With the Pin Point method, you attempt to find the initial or beginning cause.

(2) Hypnoanalysis by means of the "Dream it out" technique. This technique should be used on patients with multiply psychosomatic condition instead of an patient's where there is only one specific neurotic condition. The basis for the technique is sometimes patients suffering from multiple psyche-neurotic symptoms, dread open discussion of their problems. By this technique, open discussion is reduced considerably, and yet the patient is enabled to gain insight into the conditions causing tile problem.

(a) induce trance state.

(b) Increase his awareness considerably, get the patient to talk about his problem.

(c) Listen attentively to what the patient says. As what problems worry him the most and not his answers.

(d) Tell him he will remember his dreams remember it vividly - and by those dreams the mind will tell exactly what problems disturb it. The patient will be able to recollect those problems and will write them down and relate to the practitioner at the next session.

(3) Hypnoanalysis by the "Play Back" method. This "Play Back" should be used when other forms of Hypnoanalysis fail. Though this is not used often, it can be effective. When in trance record session, find out as much about the problem as possible. Then give the patient complete amnesia concerning the interview and rouse him. At the next session tell him that you once recorded a session with a person with a similar problem and playback the first session. "Now there is a person with problems very much like your own. If you were I and had to advise that patient how to get well, what would you tell him?

(4) The play-acting technique of hypno-analysis. This method is to be used when other methods fail. When a patient is in deep trans suggest that he is going to see a remarkable play-drama in which his own problems are acted out. He is to watch this play and give the practitioner a full description of it upon rousing. Snap your Finger and let the play begin. When the dream is over, the patient will almost invariably release highly charged material. He gains an insight into his own problems and the courses of them.

(5) The finger technique or ideomotor responses of hypnoanalysis. Under trance the suggestion is given that the patient's finger will bend if he isn't telling the truth or is hiding something, is an insidious one. It gives him the impression that the movement of that finger is beyond his control. In this way, when he tells a lie, he gives him- self away by moving the finger, thereby keeping the operator on the right track. The finger technique is a valuable tool for unearthing the causes for all sorts of phobias.

Six types of patient problems to use pin- pointing:

(1) On patients where pain persist even after anesthesia or analgesia has been administered.

(2) Migraines or any other specific neurotic system causing psychosomatic aches or pains.

(3) The reduction of phobia.

(4) Stammering, stuttering, absent-minded, and is occasionally helpful in lisping.

(5) Tics including tic douloure.

(6) In almost all cases where only one specific problem or symptom is involved.

When is the pin-point method not indicated? Where there is a conglomeration of systems.

Hypnosleep: A deep form of hypnosis that is attached to sleep. When hypnotic suggestions are given during sleep and the subject responds, the sleep changes to hypnosis, and if testing instruments are used, the indicators do not show a sleep pattern, but a strait hypnotic pattern. Therefore instead of calling the state hypnosis attached to sleep, Elman has labeled it "hypnosleep."

In order to use hypnosleep in therapy, the suggestion to sleep should be given as a post hypnotic suggestion. Here are the necessary steps:

(1) Count the number of times the subject breathes. Normally in a minute, while Fully awake.

(2) Put him into somnambulism.

(3) Give him sleep suggestions to occur after you rouse him from the relaxed state.

(4) Rouse him from the hypnotic state, and let him fall asleep.

(5) When his breathing gets down to about seven or eight times a minute, test to find whether or not he still has his normal sense of hearing. Chances are, at a breathing rate of seven or eight times per minute, he will have the deep unconsciousness of sleep. At this point it is possible to attach, hypnosis to sleep,. When a person is hypnotized in his sleep and a complete hypnotic state is obtained, the operation finds himself talking to the unconscious mind of the patient. When the person wakes up he has no recollection whatever of the operator talking to him.

Steps necessary in attaching hypnosis to deep sleep:

(1) Count the respiration of the patient. Make sure breathing is down to about seven or eight times a minute.

(2) Approach the patient very gently, for the aim is to by-pass the critical factor of his mind without rousing him from sleep. Speak very gently, but very confidently, "This is (name) speaking. You can hear me but you can't wake up.

(3) As the subject is in such a deep sleep, the above statement may need to be repeated several times, continue, "I'll know you're hearing me when this thumb of yours which I'm going to touch will begin to rise. I'll know you're hearing me when your thumb moves. You can hear me but you can't wake up."

(4) When the thumb moves, continue to talk gently, compounding suggestions as you proceed.

(5) When you have finished giving the necessary suggestions, or conclude the hypnoanalysis, your next step is to remove the hypnotic state so that the subject can continue the natural sleep state until he wakes up himself. Do it as follows, "When I stop talking to you. You will sleep deeply and you'll awaken completely refreshed - won't even remember I've been talking to you - now go to sleep very soundly. I'll. stop talking now.


As many of you know, Dave Elman has been a major influence in my professional career. He was a kind, loving man who always had the best interest of our profession at heart. Prior to about 1985 he was basically unknown by most hypnotists. I am proud to be one of the individuals who brought his teachings and knowledge to where all hypnotists, both new and old, can easily have access to his tremendous knowledge.

The following article outlining the man and his work was written by another great of our profession, Mr. Martin Segall. When Martin Segall passed away in 1989 he left me his entire library. This article was part of that gift. This article reveals certain information about Dave Elman never before published. Prior to writing this article, Martin contacted Mrs. Pauline Elman who gave her blessing to the article. I hope that after reading this work, you will better understand the type of man Dave Elman truly was. Warmest regards to all, Gerald Kein

The Article: About 25 years ago, as President of the AAEH's New Jersey Chapter 1, I came up with what I thought was a great idea for a program which would surely attract a large audience, I'd write to the great Dave Elman and invite him to be our speaker. You can imagine the comments from my colleagues - at least those who considered me foolish for even thinking he'd come; "You're just wasting your time" .."He only speaks to Professional groups"..."He never has anything to do with lay groups" and so it went.

Undaunted, I wrote the letter and a few days later received a phone call from Mr. Elman accepting my invitation. Of course, we did have a large turnout, not only from our own chapter's mailing list, but contingents from Pennsylvania and other localities as well. Some time later, when our friendship ripened, I asked Dave about his acceptance to a "lay -group" and he candidly told me that "there was something about that letter ... !" I'll always cherish the memories of the close friendship that developed our frequent get-togethers, either at the Elman's home or ours, wonderful discussions including occasional disagreements; which never deterred either of us. I'll remember the sadness of his final days, our visit with him the night before he passed away (even making him laugh with a corny joke) and attending his funeral - my wife Dorothy and I virtually the only non-family there. Most of the hypnosis world knows only that particular phase of Dave Elman's life - hypnosis. But there is another side which I'd like to share, fascinating and interesting to say the least, and as you'll see, intriguing as well.

Dave Elman was born May 6, 1900 in Park River, North Dakota and died on December 5, 1967. His interest in hypnosis was stimulated at an early age by his father who was an accomplished hypnotist. When Dave was 8 years old he began to realize the vast possibilities of hypnosis in the relief of pain. This occurred when his father was dying of cancer and a family friend relieved the intractable pain quite rapidly with hypnosis, This friend was a well-known hypnotist with an enviable fame for performing outstanding feats. Young Dave never forgot how his Dad was afforded relief not available from traditional medical procedures. In his early teens, Dave started working in show business during his school vacations, usually as a comic. One season he did a hypnosis act, but soon gave it up when he found that parents objected to their daughters dating him. They were actually afraid of the "power" he'd wield over them.

Dave, who was an accomplished musician, specializing in saxophone and violin, loved show business. He wrote all his own material as well as songs. One season he tried New York and worked in night clubs for a while. He didn't enjoy this type of work so he gave it up and got a job working for music publishers. It was at this time that Dave became acquainted with the famous W. C. Handy, with whom he worked for some years, writing quite a few songs together. In fact, years after Dave had given up this phase of his work, Handy sent him a contract for royalties on a couple of songs that they had written, W.C. and other members of the Handy family became Dave's close friends. It was while working with Handy that Dave met the woman who was to share his life, the future Pauline Elman. During the years 1923-1928, Dave was so anxious to break into radio that he made a living at a daytime job and worked for free on various radio networks in the evenings and on holidays and weekends. In 1928, he got his first paying job with radio station WHN. Soon after, he was hired by Columbia Broadcasting System and worked on every major radio station in the metropolitan New York area, where he became known as an idea man. He wrote, produced, directed and performed in his own shows as well as others. Dave worked with many of the great names in radio and one season took his Hobby Lobby Show to California to replace the Jack Benny show when that group wanted a vacation. He wrote a number of Kate Smith shows and worked with all the major advertising agencies.

Many show people do charitable work and Dave was no exception. He would often get a group of his friends together to put on a show for some worthy cause. In 1948, he arranged such a benefit and a few days before the show date was informed that the group would not be back in town in time for the performance. Elman was on the spot; it would be impossible to get another group together on such short notice. What could he do? How could he entertain an audience for a couple of hours? He hit on the idea of a hypnosis show, something he hadn't done in years. The performance was a success and afterward he was approached by a group of doctors who asked him to teach them what he knew about hypnosis. Apparently, though they had taken courses, they had all tried it but failed. Dave agreed to teach them and gave a course to a group of twenty physicians. When that course was over, the doctors had another group of twenty waiting for another course, and so it grew.

Dave was then faced with a difficult derision; he loved his work in radio, but he wanted to teach hypnosis. It had to be one or the other. The rest is history. He gave up radio for hypnosis and decided to teach only physicians and dentists in the New York-New Jersey area. Before long, however, he was getting calls from doctors all over the country asking him to come to their town and in many instances they agreed to get groups together. That opened the door to his career in teaching hypnosis all across the country.

At the students' request, Dave put his course on tapes and records and followed up with his now famous book "Findings in Hypnosis." (Upon his death. Pauline continued to handle the book for a while, then turned it over to Nash Publishers who changed the name to "Explorations in Hypnosis." It is now titled "Hypnotherapy" and is published by Westwood Publishers, Los Angeles-) The doctors continued to refer to this material long after finishing the course and they still do. Telephone calls from doctors everywhere seeking advice on hypnosis soon became an everyday occurrence. Many of his students had taken courses from their colleagues but they had not learned enough. As with today, there were doctors in those days who felt that hypnosis should be their own exclusive domain insisting that no "layman" could, or should teach doctors anything- Dave Elman felt the sting of those ill-advised people. Nevertheless, Dave continued to teach and continued to gain respect and admiration. On a personal note, I feel privileged that this man felt a rapport with me especially since I'm not a doctor; many of his personal teachings have served me well. Much of what I've written so far is known to many but, as I mentioned at the outset, there are some intriguing aspects to the Dave Elman Story that most people have never heard. Years have gone by; World War II is now history and some things which could not have been revealed at that time can now be told. In the early war years Dave had a suite of offices in New York City. His private office was the main room and his wife Pauline occupied the adjoining room. One afternoon, at about 3 or 4 P.M., Dave was perusing some material that Pauline had prepared while she gazed idly out the window, fascinated by the tall buildings for which the city is famous. Something caught her eye and she kept watching, thinking that perhaps a child was playing a game in a hotel window. What she saw was a light flickering right up against the window, lasting a few seconds then going out, on again, off, on. She called her husband's attention to it and after studying it for a few minutes Dave said, "That's no child playing... that's someone giving signals! I wonder what it means... some sort of message ... I'll bet it has something to do with the submarines off our shores. When in doubt, check!" Not the least concerned that he might be wrong, feeling it better to be safe than sorry, Dave called the FBI. In a matter of minutes an agent arrived, questioned Dave alone and when he left, Dave left with him. When he returned he wouldn't give Pauline any details but he did ask her not to mention the incident to anyone. The next day Dave received a phone call from the FBI and was told that they had arrested some Nazis in the building across the way; they had been giving signals for the sinking of our ships. As a result of this incident the FBI asked Dave to do other work for them during the war. He did many things, some of which he'd not reveal even to his wife. He made it clear that this was the way it had to be and that she must understand and go along with it.

At that time the Elmans had the Hobby Lobby Show on the air and the FBI had learned that the Nazis were planning to use the program to get messages across to their spies. The plan was to send in details of their hobbies hoping to get on the program. Then while talking about their hobbies, they would send messages to each other. Dave, in those days, was extremely busy and received an average of 1,000 letters and calls a day. Obviously he couldn't take every call and read every letter personally. It became Pauline's responsibility to screen all calls and to handle the mail, passing on to Dave only those letters which demanded his personal attention. She judged the hobby applications, discarded those which were not considered worthwhile and saved those which she deemed worthy. These were given to Dave, the advertising agency and the sponsors for their approval, and if considered of show quality, the hobbyist would be invited to appear on the air.

Occasionally, people would phone in information about their hobbies, and if Pauline thought it worthwhile, she would send out a program researcher for an interview. Now and then the FBI would give Dave names of people they suspected and the hobby interview would be used to elicit certain other information which was passed on to Dave. He, in turn, would turn the application over to the FBI together with pertinent information. One day a caller insisted on speaking directly to Dave. He said, "Just mention my name; I know he's in and I know you're Mrs. Elman. He'll take this call ' " When Pauline told Dave the name she was quite surprised to hear him shout, "For God's sake, put him on ... and close the door!" In a few minutes Dave came running out of his office shouting, "if I'm not back by 6, just go home; don't worry, I'll see you later!" He arrived home that night at 10 o'clock.

Pauline, a typical wife and mother, was worried, of course, and when Dave got home she was furious. She didn't know what was going on and she didn't like mysterious telephone calls followed by sudden disappearances. In order to placate his wife, Dave took her into his confidence and explained what was going on. In fact, he said, he had discussed her with the FBI that very day knowing she'd not stand for all that mystery stuff for very long and that she'd certainly begin questioning him. The FBI had agreed that she should be told and sanctioned Dave's giving her some names of people, names she was to keep in complete confidence, with whom she was to cooperate fully, either on the phone or in person. The office staff was not to know anything.

Then came the night that Dave and Pauline had a real battle. They had driven home after the broadcast and arrived about 11 P.M. As they entered the driveway Dave suddenly said, "Quick, get your keys out right away because I must get to the bathroom in a hurry!" Fumbling in her purse, Pauline didn't have the keys ready by the time they reached the door. Dave angrily grabbed her purse, got the keys, opened the door and shoved her in, slamming the door shut behind them. Needless to say, Pauline was more than just a bit bewildered, especially since he didn't head for the bathroom at all! She was especially upset by his shouting and pushing, since he was normally a quiet, gentle person. He said, "Let's go upstairs, but keep away from the windows, and I'll explain it all." What he explained frightened Pauline even more. There had been threats against their lives, especially the children, since the Elman’s were away from home so much. Just before leaving the studio the FBI had called him to report that someone was planning to kill the entire Elman family that very night. The FBI had armed agents stationed all around the Elman estate which consisted of 31/2 acres with many trees which could afford a killer a lot of hiding places. That was why Dave wanted to get them into the house in such a hurry.

From that night on, though the Elman children were never aware of it, the FBI protected them at home, at school and at play. These were trying times for the Elman’s and all because Pauline saw that flickering light and Dave volunteered to help in any way he could. Dave received citations from the FBI for his help and from the Treasury Department for selling millions of dollars of war bonds through the Dave Elman Victory Auctions.

And that is the other side of the Dave Elman story - a side which is little known. Most know only of his greatness in the field of hypnosis. This short article cannot do justice to his gentle nature which belied his innate courage, his firm belief in the truth and right - always. Dave Elman was truly a great man unselfish and unpretentious, Martin M. Segal